As transportation revenues remain constrained, performance-based programming can help identify the most cost-effective way to meet local and regional priorities. There is room for all transportation implementers to improve data and methods for incorporating performance into processes for allocating funds and selecting projects. For example, IDOT has made recent progress in using a performance-based evaluation system to rank capacity projects for the state highway program. Rather than programming many conversions of two-lane to four-lane facilities that remain incomplete, the state is trying to “right-size” projects to address specific needs more cost-effectively, such as by making less expensive intersection improvements rather than expanding capacity on an entire segment. In another example, the Council of Mayors and City of Chicago have recently revised the way local Surface Transportation Program funds are allocated to emphasize transportation need.

Action 1

Apply recently-developed performance-based programming criteria, evaluate outcomes, and continue to refine the criteria.



Action 2

Incorporate the ON TO 2050 indicators and federal performance measures into project selection and funding allocation decisions.


IDOT, transit agencies, and local governments

Action 3

Continue to evaluate the outcomes of regional transportation prioritization efforts, screening for equity and other desired outcomes and making iterative improvements to criteria for achieving those outcomes.


CMAP and partners

Action 4

Commit to a performance-based competitive approach for a portion of existing transit capital funding.


RTA and service boards

Action 5

Work together to define how the Transportation Improvement Program demonstrates the effect of transportation investments toward meeting the performance targets.


CMAP and partner agencies